Customers often ask if they received the wrong charger with their new camera battery box, so we decided to cover the technical explanation as a blog topic. The 9V Constant Current charger provided with the JAGER PRO™ 6-Volt Battery Box is required to fully charge a depleted 6V/12AH battery within 10 hours.
Battery Charger Basics
A wall mounted, transformer-based charger must deliver more than 6.45 volts for a 6V battery to begin the charging process. However, charging a depleted battery at this minimum voltage would take longer than 48 hours. A higher voltage is used because it forces the charging reaction at a higher rate. Typical charging voltage is between 2.15 volts per cell (6.45 volts for a three-cell battery) and 2.50 volts per cell (7.50 volts for a three-cell battery). These voltages are appropriate to apply to a fully charged battery without overcharging or damage. If the battery is not fully charged, you can use much higher voltages without damage because the charging reaction takes precedence over any over-charge chemical reactions until the battery is fully charged. This is the reason a 6-volt battery charger can operate at 7.50 volts during the bulk-charge phase of the charge cycle.
We provide a ‘Constant Current’ charger with our battery box which uses an electric circuit to control the charging current. Placing a multimeter across the battery terminals during the charging process will indicate much lower voltages than the maximum 9-volt capacity of the charger. If you do not currently own a multimeter, then spend $20.00 and buy one. This important tool will be used daily in the field to test camera, feeder and control box battery voltages as well as troubleshooting wire continuity or testing control box components.
A multimeter consists of a digital display, selection knob, three ports and two test probes. This tool can be used to measure milliamps (mA) of current, voltage (V) and resistance (Ω). For this demonstration, we will concentrate on measuring direct current (DC) voltage of the 6-volt battery.
Plug the black probe into the common (COM) multimeter port which is usually connected to ground or negative (-) in a circuit. Plug the red probe into the multimeter mA-V-Ω port. Turn the multimeter knob to “20V” in the DC voltage range. Touch the black probe to the battery’s ground (negative) and the red probe to the battery’s positive. The voltage reading will appear on the digital display. The probes are reversed on the battery terminals if you observe a negative sign (-) left of numbers on the digital display.
Charging Demonstration Data
Below are the “Charging Durations” and “Multimeter Readings” during the 10-hour charging demonstration.
Our demonstration indicated 10 hours were needed to fully charge a depleted 6V/12AH battery which can take place overnight. This is the reason we selected the 9-volt, 800 mA constant current charger for our 6-volt camera battery box. We recommend the charger be disconnected when the charging voltage reaches 7.5 volts. The voltage reading should drop and level out somewhere between 6.50 and 6.60 volts within 30 minutes after disconnecting the charger. DO NOT allow charging voltage to rise above 8 volts which may eventually overcharge the battery or damage cells. Please follow this advice to obtain the longest operating life from your rechargeable battery.